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  1. Thrift
  2. THRIFT-1795

Race condition in TThreadedServerPool java implementation



    • Bug
    • Status: Closed
    • Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • 0.6.1, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9
    • 0.9.1
    • Java - Library
    • None
    • RHEL 5.x derivatives, SUSE linux are the systems where this is intermittently reproducible


      While running unit tests on flume[1], it was discovered that there have been intermittent failures on Redhat Linux 5.x derivatives and SUSE Linux environments (or the failures where more pronounced in those environments). While trying to debug this issue and removing Flume specific issues, I think there is a race condition in Thrift TThreadPool server implementation. We can reduce the problem to the basic issue

      The server is written in as below in its serve() method

      stopped_ = false

      while (!stopped_)
      serve request
      log message

      The stop method (executed typically from another thread) is implemented thus

      stopped_ = false
      interrupt and cleanup server transport

      The basic thought is that stopped_ being volatile, the writes to stopped_ will always be seen by the reading thread and there is no other synchronization required, essentially relying on the JSR 133 volatile description.

      The problem is that there is no check in the server run method whether it was asked to stop or not

      For example, the Flume unit test, once again reduced to what is needed for this discussion, does the following for testing the flume source lifecycle

      server.start – which means starting a thread, whose run method will call TThreadPoolServer.serve described above

      It so happens that on Redhat Linux 5.x systems or more specifically with Linux kernels before the CFQ scheduler, there is a higher chance that server.stop can run before server thread's serve method is invoked. This means that the setting of stopped_ flag in the stop method is overwritten in the serve method. This causes the server to enter an infinite loop and eventually, the test timeout kicks in

      There is an easy fix - just set stopped_ to false in the constructor. But then it probably violates the contract on the state of a constructed server object. I see that in couple of other TServer implementations, stopped_ is initialize to true and only during the listen processing, stopped_ is set to false.

      If preserving this semantics is important, we should introduce another volatile variable (say started_), and carefully set started_ and stopped_ in places where we are not sure stopped_ might be overwritten, and check for both flags also in key locations (right after a thread starts with the server() method.

      This same issue can be evidenced in other variations of TServer implementations also.

      I can provide a patch if it is agreed that this is a bug that needs to be fixed. I can create a patch introducing a new started_ flag (which respects the current behavior in some of the classes where stopped_ is initialized to true), or initialize the Servers to initialize stopped_ to false and then not reset the stopped_ flag during the server execution (which is simplere and easy to fix, but makes a server just constructed to be not in stopped state). I don't know how important it is to maintain that behavior or if there is any reliance on that behavior




        1. Thrift-1795.diff
          3 kB
          Venkat Ranganathan

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              jfarrell Jake Farrell
              venkatnrangan Venkat Ranganathan
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