zoo_acreate() and zoo_aset() take a char * argument for data and prepare a call to zookeeper. This char * doesn't seem to be duplicated at any point, making it possible that the caller of the asynchronous function might potentially free() the char * argument before the zookeeper library completes its request. This is unlikely to present a real problem unless the freed memory is re-used before zookeeper consumes it. I've been unable to reproduce this issue using pure C as a result.
However, ZKPython is a whole different story. Consider this snippet:
ok = zookeeper.acreate(handle, path, json.dumps(value),
acl, flags, callback)
assert ok == zookeeper.OK
In this snippet, json.dumps() allocates a string which is passed into the acreate(). When acreate() returns, the zookeeper request has been constructed with a pointer to the string allocated by json.dumps(). Also when acreate() returns, that string is now referenced by 0 things (ZKPython doesn't bump the refcount) and the string is eligible for garbage collection and re-use. The Zookeeper request now has a pointer to dangerous freed memory.
I've been seeing odd behavior in our development environments for some time now, where it appeared as though two separate JSON payloads had been joined together. Python has been allocating a new JSON string in the middle of the old string that an incomplete zookeeper async call had not yet processed.
I am not sure if this is a behavior that should be documented, or if the C binding implementation needs to be updated to create copies of the data payload provided for aset and acreate.