Type: New Feature
Affects Version/s: 2.2.0
Fix Version/s: None
Currently Hadoop Yarn expects to manage the lifecycle of the processes its applications run workload in. External frameworks/systems could benefit from sharing resources with other Yarn applications while running their workload within long-running processes owned by the external framework (in other words, running their workload outside of the context of a Yarn container process).
Because Yarn provides robust and scalable resource management, it is desirable for some external systems to leverage the resource governance capabilities of Yarn (queues, capacities, scheduling, access control) while supplying their own resource enforcement.
Impala is an example of such system. Impala uses Llama (http://cloudera.github.io/llama/) to request resources from Yarn.
Impala runs an impalad process in every node of the cluster, when a user submits a query, the processing is broken into 'query fragments' which are run in multiple impalad processes leveraging data locality (similar to Map-Reduce Mappers processing a collocated HDFS block of input data).
The execution of a 'query fragment' requires an amount of CPU and memory in the impalad. As the impalad shares the host with other services (HDFS DataNode, Yarn NodeManager, Hbase Region Server) and Yarn Applications (MapReduce tasks).
To ensure cluster utilization that follow the Yarn scheduler policies and it does not overload the cluster nodes, before running a 'query fragment' in a node, Impala requests the required amount of CPU and memory from Yarn. Once the requested CPU and memory has been allocated, Impala starts running the 'query fragment' taking care that the 'query fragment' does not use more resources than the ones that have been allocated. Memory is book kept per 'query fragment' and the threads used for the processing of the 'query fragment' are placed under a cgroup to contain CPU utilization.
Today, for all resources that have been asked to Yarn RM, a (container) process must be started via the corresponding NodeManager. Failing to do this, will result on the cancelation of the container allocation relinquishing the acquired resource capacity back to the pool of available resources. To avoid this, Impala starts a dummy container process doing 'sleep 10y'.
Using a dummy container process has its drawbacks:
- the dummy container process is in a cgroup with a given number of CPU shares that are not used and Impala is re-issuing those CPU shares to another cgroup for the thread running the 'query fragment'. The cgroup CPU enforcement works correctly because of the CPU controller implementation (but the formal specified behavior is actually undefined).
- Impala may ask for CPU and memory independent of each other. Some requests may be only memory with no CPU or viceversa. Because a container requires a process, complete absence of memory or CPU is not possible even if the dummy process is 'sleep', a minimal amount of memory and CPU is required for the dummy process.
Because of this it is desirable to be able to have a container without a backing process.