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  1. Wicket
  2. WICKET-4196

Accessing Wicket through AJP makes Wicket vulnerable to HTTP Response Splitting Attack

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    Details

    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Won't Fix
    • Affects Version/s: 1.4.19
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: wicket
    • Labels:
    • Environment:
      CentOS 5.6, Apache HTTPD 2.2.3 with mod_jk 1.2.31 and Apache Tomcat 6

      Description

      Hello all,

      When having a Wicket application installed on Tomcat and you call that application through HTTP, Wicket is protected against HTTP Response Splitting. However, when you call Tomcat through AJP (for example through an apache httpd proxy), HTTP Response Splitting becomes possible.

      To demonstrate, I created a simple application and called it through an AJP proxy with the curl command:

      curl -max-redirs 0 -Dfoo 'http:///myapp/home?wicket:bookmarkablePage=:org.apache.wicket.markup.html.pages.BrowserInfoPage&cto=Foobar%3f%0d%0aEvilHeader:%20SPLIT%2f%0d%0aAnotherEvilHeader:%20HEADER'

      Note the '%0d%0a', a CRLF in the request. When calling Wicket through Tomcat, these are replaced by spaces, but when calling Wicket through AJP, these are left intact, getting us the following response:

      HTTP/1.1 302 Moved Temporarily
      Date: Wed, 02 Nov 2011 14:34:32 GMT
      Server: Apache
      Set-Cookie: JSESSIONID=4F403B53D091B40F6C3FBC2321A2E348.pub-app04; Path=/myapp; HttpOnly Location: http://<ip-address>/myapp/Foobar;jsessionid=4F403B53D091B40F6C3FBC2321A2E348.pub-app04?
      EvilHeader: SPLIT/-
      AnotherEvilHeader: HEADER
      Content-Length: 0
      Connection: close
      Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8

      Here we have 2 Evil Headers, that could be inserted by hackers by adding %0d%0a to the get-request.

      The problem is that a hacker can now post URL's that look like they're going to your site on some forum or in an email. But when the user actually clicks on the link, a custom header could redirect the user to a malicious site. In the example, I used "EvilHeader", but it could be any header, like an HTTP 301 redirect. Basically, the hacker can include any header he wants in the response that the user is going to get when he clicks on the link.

      Note we are not vulnerable if you connect directly to tomcat with HTTP - it appears that the Coyote HTTP Connector is sanitising the HTTP headers and replacing the CRLF with two spaces. You have to connect via Apache and AJP to reproduce.

      For a more detailed description of HTTP Response Splitting (which is on the OWASP list of security vulnerabilities), you can check:

      https://www.owasp.org/index.php/HTTP_Response_Splitting
      http://www.acunetix.com/vulnerabilities/CRLF-injectionHTTP-respon.htm
      http://packetstormsecurity.org/papers/general/whitepaper_httpresponse.pdf
      http://www.infosecwriters.com/text_resources/pdf/HTTP_Response.pdf

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            • Assignee:
              mgrigorov Martin Tzvetanov Grigorov
              Reporter:
              gertjan_schouten Gert-Jan Schouten
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                Updated:
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