- In contrast to other languages, there is no real way to prevent Delphi from inheriting unwanted CTORs.
- The generated code initializes an "exception factory" helper object used for serializing the exception info over the wire. This helper object is instantiated in two cases:
- a) in the CTORs that are defined in the exception class
- b) when a property setter is called on that instance
The following IDL:
results in this Delphi code:
Due to the inheritance from TException and finally System.Exception, a bunch of other CTORs is inherited, such as:
From this, a situation may arise, in which the developer instantiates the instance by calling one of the inherited CTORs (which do not intialize the Factory helper object), then raising the exception without assigning any other values via property setter:
Under these circumstances, the Factory helper object is left at its default value of nil, hence no suitable information is written to the wire. As a direct result, being unable to deserialize anything useful on return, the client code will run into the default catcher code which raises an generic TApplicationException with MissingResult code and the "call failed: unknown result" message.