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  1. Spark
  2. SPARK-32693

Compare two dataframes with same schema except nullable property



    • Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Minor
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • 2.4.4, 3.1.0
    • 2.4.7, 3.0.2, 3.1.0
    • SQL
    • None


      My aim is to compare two dataframes with very close schemas : same number of fields, with the same names, types and metadata. The only difference comes from the fact that a given field might be nullable in one dataframe and not in the other.

      Here is the code that i used :

      val session = SparkSession.builder().getOrCreate()
      import org.apache.spark.sql.Row
      import java.sql.Timestamp
      import scala.collection.JavaConverters._
      case class A(g: Timestamp, h: Option[Timestamp], i: Int)
      case class B(e: Int, f: Seq[A])
      case class C(g: Timestamp, h: Option[Timestamp], i: Option[Int])
      case class D(e: Option[Int], f: Seq[C])
      val schema1 = StructType(Array(StructField("a", IntegerType, false), StructField("b", IntegerType, false), StructField("c", IntegerType, false)))
      val rowSeq1: List[Row] = List(Row(10, 1, 1), Row(10, 50, 2))
      val df1 = session.createDataFrame(rowSeq1.asJava, schema1)
      val schema2 = StructType(Array(StructField("a", IntegerType), StructField("b", IntegerType), StructField("c", IntegerType)))
      val rowSeq2: List[Row] = List(Row(10, 1, 1))
      val df2 = session.createDataFrame(rowSeq2.asJava, schema2)
      println(s"Number of records for first case : ${df1.except(df2).count()}")
      val schema3 = StructType(
       StructField("a", IntegerType, false),
       StructField("b", IntegerType, false), 
       StructField("c", IntegerType, false), 
       StructField("d", ArrayType(StructType(Array(StructField("e", IntegerType, false), StructField("f", ArrayType(StructType(Array(StructField("g", TimestampType), StructField("h", TimestampType), StructField("i", IntegerType, false)
      val date1 = new Timestamp(1597589638L)
      val date2 = new Timestamp(1597599638L)
      val rowSeq3: List[Row] = List(Row(10, 1, 1, Seq(B(100, Seq(A(date1, None, 1))))), Row(10, 50, 2, Seq(B(101, Seq(A(date2, None, 2))))))
      val df3 = session.createDataFrame(rowSeq3.asJava, schema3)
      val schema4 = StructType(
       StructField("a", IntegerType), 
       StructField("b", IntegerType), 
       StructField("b", IntegerType), 
       StructField("d", ArrayType(StructType(Array(StructField("e", IntegerType), StructField("f", ArrayType(StructType(Array(StructField("g", TimestampType), StructField("h", TimestampType), StructField("i", IntegerType)
      val rowSeq4: List[Row] = List(Row(10, 1, 1, Seq(D(Some(100), Seq(C(date1, None, Some(1)))))))
      val df4 = session.createDataFrame(rowSeq4.asJava, schema3)
      println(s"Number of records for second case : ${df3.except(df4).count()}")

      The preceeding code shows what seems to me a bug in Spark :

      • If you consider two dataframes (df1 and df2) having exactly the same schema, except fields are not nullable for the first dataframe and are nullable for the second. Then, doing df1.except(df2).count() works well.
      • Now, if you consider two other dataframes (df3 and df4) having the same schema (with fields nullable on one side and not on the other). If these two dataframes contain nested fields, then, this time, the action df3.except(df4).count gives the following exception : java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: requirement failed: Join keys from two sides should have same types




            viirya L. C. Hsieh
            dbe_75 david bernuau
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