Had a good offline conversation with ndimiduk at PhoenixCon about local indexes. Depending on the query, we can often times prune the regions we need to scan over based on the where conditions against the data table pk. For example, with a multi-tenant table, we only need to scan the regions that are prefixed by the tenant ID.
We can easily get this information from the compilation of the query against the data table (which we always do), through the statementContext.getScanRanges() structure. We'd just want to keep a pointer to the data table QueryPlan from the local index QueryPlan.