I'm using this toolkit from Matlab, which is the reason for the non-Java syntax:
FigurePath = File('test.svg');
FigurePath = FigurePath.toURI;
p = outputOdt.addParagraph('');
img = Image.newImage(p, FigurePath);
When I try this with a PNG image it works perfectly fine, however as stated above SVG causes a crash:
29-jul-2013 17:20:38 org.odftoolkit.simple.draw.Image newImage
In the release notes it was stated that this problem was fixed. However I've got the impression unfortunately that it is still an issue.