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  1. Nutch
  2. NUTCH-2675

Give parsers the capability to read and write CrawlDatum

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    Details

    • Type: Improvement
    • Status: Closed
    • Priority: Minor
    • Resolution: Won't Do
    • Affects Version/s: 1.15
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: parser
    • Labels:
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      Description

      Parsers are called inside org.apache.nutch.parse.ParseSegment,
      (Line 127 for version 1.15) parseResult = parseUtil.parse(content);

      and inside org.apache.nutch.fetcher.FetcherThread.
      (Line 640 for version 1.15) parseResult = this.parseUtil.parse(content);

      The current version of Nutch does not give parsers the capability to access CrawlDatum. If users want to customize the parsing process using some metadata of CrawlDatum, it is difficult to read the required metadata.

      On the other side, if users want to save metadata generated during parsing, the metadata can only be saved as parseMeta of org.apache.nutch.parse.ParseData, and those of parseMeta selected by db.parsemeta.to.crawldb in nutch-site.xml can be added to CrawlDatum inside org.apache.nutch.parse.ParseOutputFormat and org.apache.nutch.crawl.CrawlDbReducer. If parsers have direct access to CrawlDatum, the metadata generated during parsing can be added to CrawlDatum directly by parsers.

      I use Nutch to fetch and parse web pages. To read required metadata from CrawlDatum during parsing, I do the following steps to work around.

      (1) During web page fetching, inside org.apache.nutch.protocol.http.api.HttpBase of lib-http plugin, read the required metadata from CrawlDatum, and save the required metadata together with the Headers metadata of org.apache.nutch.net.protocols.Response to the metadata of org.apache.nutch.protocol.Content. This can be done at line 334 of the code by replacing "response.getHeaders()" by a new metadata containing both the required metadata from CrawlDatum and the Headers metadata.

      The code need to be modified inside org.apache.nutch.protocol.http.api.HttpBase of lib-http plugin is
      (Line 332 for version 1.15) Content c = new Content(u.toString(), u.toString(),
      (Line 333 for version 1.15) (content == null ? EMPTY_CONTENT : content),
      (Line 334 for version 1.15) response.getHeader("Content-Type"), response.getHeaders(), mimeTypes);

      (2) During html page parsing, inside org.apache.nutch.parse.html.HtmlParser of parse-html plugin, read the required metadata from the metadata of org.apache.nutch.protocol.Content, and customize the parsing process using the required metadata.

      If parsers have direct access to CrawlDatum, the above workaround is not needed. To give parsers the capacity to directly read and write CrawlDatum, I would like to suggest adding a new method "public ParseResult parse(Content content, CrawlDatum datum)" to org.apache.nutch.parse.ParseUtil in future versions of Nutch.

      To be compatible with current 1.15 and previous versions, I would like to suggest adding a new configuration property to nutch-default.xml. The default of the configuration property can be use the current method "public ParseResult parse(Content content)". If users want to use "public ParseResult parse(Content content, CrawlDatum datum)", they can change the property in nutch-site.xml.

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            • Assignee:
              Unassigned
              Reporter:
              aquaticwater Junqiang Zhang
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              • Created:
                Updated:
                Resolved: