Most DataModel implementation in current CF component use hash map to enable fast 2d indexing and update. This is not memory-efficient for big data set. e.g. Netflix prize dataset takes 11G heap space as a FileDataModel.
Improved implementation of DataModel should use more compact data structure (like arrays), this can trade a little of time complexity in 2d indexing for vast improvement in memory efficiency. In addition, any online recommender or online-to-batch converted recommender will not be affected by this in training process.