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  1. Lucene - Core
  2. LUCENE-4808

Add workaround for a JDK 8 "class library bug" which is still under discussion and may *not* be fixed



    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 4.1, 6.0
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: general/build
    • Labels:
    • Lucene Fields:


      With JDK8 build 78 there was introduced a backwards compatibility regression which may not be fixed until release, because Oracle is possibly accepting this backwards break regarding cross-compilation to JDK6.

      The full thread on the OpenJDK mailing list: http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/compiler-dev/2013-February/005737.html (continues in next month: http://mail.openjdk.java.net/pipermail/compiler-dev/2013-March/005748.html)

      In short: JDK 8 adds so called default implementations on interfaces (means you can add a new method to an interface and provide a "default" implementation, so code implementing this interface is not required to implement the new method. This is really cool and would also help Lucene to make use of Interfaces instead of abstract classes which don't allow polymorphism).

      In Lucene we are still compatible with Java 7 and Java 6. So like millions of other open source projects, we use "-source 1.6 -target 1.6" to produce class files which are Java 1.6 conform, although you use a newer JDK to compile. Of course this approach has problem (e.g. if you use older new methods, not available in earliert JDKs). Because of this we must at least compile Lucene with a JDK 1.6 legacy JDK and also release the class files with this version. For 3.6, the RM has to also install JDK 1.5 (which makes it impossible to do this on Mac). So -source/-target is a alternative to at least produce 1.6/1.5 compliant classes. According to Oracle, this is not the correct way to do this: Oracle says, you have to use: -source, -target and -Xbootclasspath to really crosscompile -> and the last thing is what breaks here. To correctly set the bootclasspath, you need to have an older JDK installed or you should be able to at least download it from maven (which is not available to my knowledge).

      The problem with JDK8 is now: If you compile with -source/-target but not the bootclasspath, it happens that the compiler does no longer understand new JDK8 class file structures in the new rt.jar, so producing compile failures. In the case of this bug: AnnotatedElement#isAnnotationPresent() exists since Java 1.5 in the interface, but all implementing classes have almost the same implementation: "return getAnnotation(..) != null;". So the designers of the class library decided to move that method as so called default method into the interface itsself, removing code duplication. If you then compile code with "-source 1.6 -target 1.6" using that method, the javac compier does not know about the new default method feature and simply says: "Method not found in java.lang.Class":

          [javac] Compiling 113 source files to C:\Users\Uwe Schindler\Projects\lucene\trunk-lusolr3\lucene\build\test-framework\classes\java
          [javac] C:\Users\Uwe Schindler\Projects\lucene\trunk-lusolr3\lucene\test-framework\src\java\org\apache\lucene\util\TestRuleSetupAndRestoreClassEnv.java:134: error: cannot find symbol
          [javac]     if (targetClass.isAnnotationPresent(SuppressCodecs.class)) {
          [javac]                    ^
          [javac]   symbol:   method isAnnotationPresent(Class<SuppressCodecs>)
          [javac]   location: variable targetClass of type Class<?>
          [javac] Note: Some input files use or override a deprecated API.
          [javac] Note: Recompile with -Xlint:deprecation for details.
          [javac] 1 error

      But until the Oracle people have a good workaround (I suggested to still implement the method on the implementation classes like Class/Method/... but delegate to the interface's default impl), we can quickly commit a replacement of this broken method call by (getAnnotation(..) != null). I want to do this, so we can enable jenkins builds with recent JDK 8 again.


        1. LUCENE-4808.patch
          3 kB
          Uwe Schindler
        2. LUCENE-4808.patch
          4 kB
          Uwe Schindler

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              • Assignee:
                uschindler Uwe Schindler
                uschindler Uwe Schindler
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