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  1. Kafka
  2. KAFKA-8994

Streams should expose standby replication information & allow stale reads of state store

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    • Type: New Feature
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Duplicate
    • Affects Version/s: None
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: streams
    • Labels:


      Currently Streams interactive queries (IQ) fail during the time period where there is a rebalance in progress. 

      Consider the following scenario in a three node Streams cluster with node A, node S and node R, executing a stateful sub-topology/topic group with 1 partition and `num.standby.replicas=1`  

      • t0: A is the active instance owning the partition, B is the standby that keeps replicating the A's state into its local disk, R just routes streams IQs to active instance using StreamsMetadata
      • t1: IQs pick node R as router, R forwards query to A, A responds back to R which reverse forwards back the results.
      • t2: Active A instance is killed and rebalance begins. IQs start failing to A
      • t3: Rebalance assignment happens and standby B is now promoted as active instance. IQs continue to fail
      • t4: B fully catches up to changelog tail and rewinds offsets to A's last commit position, IQs continue to fail
      • t5: IQs to R, get routed to B, which is now ready to serve results. IQs start succeeding again


      Depending on Kafka consumer group session/heartbeat timeouts, step t2,t3 can take few seconds (~10 seconds based on defaults values). Depending on how laggy the standby B was prior to A being killed, t4 can take few seconds-minutes. 

      While this behavior favors consistency over availability at all times, the long unavailability window might be undesirable for certain classes of applications (e.g simple caches or dashboards). 

      This issue aims to also expose information about standby B to R, during each rebalance such that the queries can be routed by an application to a standby to serve stale reads, choosing availability over consistency. 














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            • Assignee:
              vinoth Vinoth Chandar
              vinoth Vinoth Chandar


              • Created:

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