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  1. Kafka
  2. KAFKA-506

Store logical offset in log



    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 0.8.0
    • Fix Version/s: 0.8.0
    • Component/s: None
    • Labels:


      Currently we only support retention by dropping entire segment files. A more nuanced retention policy would allow dropping individual messages from a segment file by recopying it. This is not currently possible because the lookup structure we use to locate messages is based on the file offset directly.

      To fix this we should move to a sequential, logical offset (0,1,2,3,...) which would allow deleting individual messages (e.g. 2) without deleting the entire segment.

      It is desirable to make this change in the 0.8 timeframe since we are already doing data format changes.

      As part of this we would explicitly store the key field given by the producer for partitioning (right now there is no way for the consumer to find the value used for partitioning).

      This combination of features would allow a key-based retention policy that would clean obsolete values either by a user defined key.

      The specific use case I am targeting is a commit log for local state maintained by a process doing some kind of near-real-time processing. The process could log out its local state changes and be able to restore from this log in the event of a failure. However I think this is a broadly useful feature.

      The following changes would be part of this:
      1. The log format would now be
      8 byte offset
      4 byte message_size
      N byte message
      2. The offsets would be changed to a sequential, logical number rather than the byte offset (e.g. 0,1,2,3,...)
      3. A local memory-mapped lookup structure will be kept for each log segment that contains the mapping from logical to physical offset.

      I propose to break this into two patches. The first makes the log format changes, but retains the physical offset. The second adds the lookup structure and moves to logical offset.

      Here are a few issues to be considered for the first patch:
      1. Currently a MessageSet implements Iterable[MessageAndOffset]. One surprising thing is that the offset is actually the offset of the next message. I think there are actually several uses for the current offset. I would propose making this hold the current message offset since with logical offsets the next offset is always just current_offset+1. Note that since we no longer require messages to be dense, it is not true that if the next offset is N the current offset is N-1 (because N-1 may have been deleted). Thoughts or objections?
      2. Currently during iteration over a ByteBufferMessageSet we throw an exception if there are zero messages in the set. This is used to detect fetches that are smaller than a single message size. I think this behavior is misplaced and should be moved up into the consumer.
      3. In addition to adding a key in Message, I made two other changes: (1) I moved the CRC to the first field and made it cover the entire message contents (previously it only covered the payload), (2) I dropped support for Magic=0, effectively making the attributes field required, which simplifies the code (since we are breaking compatibility anyway).


        1. KAFKA-506-v4-changes-since-v3.patch
          16 kB
          Jay Kreps
        2. KAFKA-506-v1-draft.patch
          101 kB
          Jay Kreps
        3. KAFKA-506-v1.patch
          125 kB
          Jay Kreps
        4. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v5.patch
          286 kB
          Jay Kreps
        5. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v5.patch
          286 kB
          Jay Kreps
        6. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v4.patch
          284 kB
          Jay Kreps
        7. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v3.patch
          281 kB
          Jay Kreps
        8. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v2.patch
          262 kB
          Jay Kreps
        9. KAFKA-506-phase-2-v1.patch
          262 kB
          Jay Kreps
        10. KAFKA-506-phase-2.patch
          163 kB
          Jay Kreps
        11. KAFKA-506-neha-post-review-v2.patch
          6 kB
          Jay Kreps
        12. KAFKA-506-neha-post-review.patch
          4 kB
          Jay Kreps

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              • Assignee:
                jkreps Jay Kreps
                jkreps Jay Kreps
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