Uploaded image for project: 'Kafka'
  1. Kafka
  2. KAFKA-2864

Bad zookeeper host causes broker to shutdown uncleanly and stall producers



    • Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Critical
    • Resolution: Duplicate
    • None
    • zkclient
    • None


      We are using kafka and we noticed that kafka/zookeeper-client were not able to gracefully handle a non existing zookeeper instance. This caused one of our brokers to get stuck during a self-inflicted shutdown and that seemed to impact the partitions for which the broker was a leader even though we had two other replicas.

      Here is a timeline of what happened (shortened for brevity, I'll attach log snippets):

      We have a 7 node zookeeper cluster. Two of our nodes were decommissioned and their dns records removed (zookeeper15 and zookeeper16). The decommissioning happened about two weeks earlier. We noticed the following in the logs

      • Opening socket connection to server ip-10-0-0-1.ec2.internal/ Will not attempt to authenticate using SASL (unknown error)
      • Client session timed out, have not heard from server in 858ms for sessionid 0x1250c5c0f1f5001c, closing socket connection and attempting reconnect
      • Opening socket connection to server ip- Will not attempt to authenticate using SASL (unknown error)
      • zookeeper state changed (Disconnected)
      • Client session timed out, have not heard from server in 2677ms for sessionid 0x1250c5c0f1f5001c, closing socket connection and attempting reconnect
      • Opening socket connection to server ip- Will not attempt to authenticate using SASL (unknown error)
      • Socket connection established to ip-, initiating session
      • zookeeper state changed (Expired)
      • Initiating client connection, connectString=zookeeper21.example.com:2181,zookeeper19.example.com:2181,zookeeper22.example.com:2181,zookeeper18.example.com:2181,zookeeper20.example.com:2181,zookeeper16.example.com:2181,zookeeper15.example.com:2181/foo/kafka/central sessionTimeout=6000 watcher=org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient@3bbc39f8
      • Unable to reconnect to ZooKeeper service, session 0x1250c5c0f1f5001c has expired, closing socket connection
      • Unable to re-establish connection. Notifying consumer of the following exception:
        org.I0Itec.zkclient.exception.ZkException: Unable to connect to zookeeper21.example.com:2181,zookeeper19.example.com:2181,zookeeper22.example.com:2181,zookeeper18.example.com:2181,zookeeper20.example.com:2181,zookeeper16.example.com:2181,zookeeper15.example.com:2181/foo/kafka/central
        at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkConnection.connect(ZkConnection.java:69)
        at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.reconnect(ZkClient.java:1176)
        at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.processStateChanged(ZkClient.java:649)
        at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.process(ZkClient.java:560)
        at org.apache.zookeeper.ClientCnxn$EventThread.processEvent(ClientCnxn.java:522)
        at org.apache.zookeeper.ClientCnxn$EventThread.run(ClientCnxn.java:498)
        Caused by: java.net.UnknownHostException: zookeeper16.example.com: unknown error
        at java.net.Inet6AddressImpl.lookupAllHostAddr(Native Method)
        at java.net.InetAddress$2.lookupAllHostAddr(InetAddress.java:928)
        at java.net.InetAddress.getAddressesFromNameService(InetAddress.java:1323)
        at java.net.InetAddress.getAllByName0(InetAddress.java:1276)
        at java.net.InetAddress.getAllByName(InetAddress.java:1192)
        at java.net.InetAddress.getAllByName(InetAddress.java:1126)
        at org.apache.zookeeper.client.StaticHostProvider.<init>(StaticHostProvider.java:61)
        at org.apache.zookeeper.ZooKeeper.<init>(ZooKeeper.java:445)
        at org.apache.zookeeper.ZooKeeper.<init>(ZooKeeper.java:380)
        at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkConnection.connect(ZkConnection.java:67)
        ... 5 more

      That seems to have caused the following:
      [main-EventThread] [org.apache.zookeeper.ClientCnxn ]: EventThread shut down

      Which in turn caused kafka to shut itself down
      [Thread-2] [kafka.server.KafkaServer ]: [Kafka Server 13], shutting down
      [Thread-2] [kafka.server.KafkaServer ]: [Kafka Server 13], Starting controlled shutdown

      However, the shutdown didn't go as expected apparently due to an NPE in the zk client

      2015-11-12T12:03:40.101Z WARN [Thread-2 ] [kafka.utils.Utils$ ]:
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkConnection.readData(ZkConnection.java:117)
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient$10.call(ZkClient.java:992)
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient$10.call(ZkClient.java:988)
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.retryUntilConnected(ZkClient.java:883)
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.readData(ZkClient.java:988)
      at org.I0Itec.zkclient.ZkClient.readData(ZkClient.java:983)
      at kafka.utils.ZkUtils$.readDataMaybeNull(ZkUtils.scala:450)
      at kafka.utils.ZkUtils$.getController(ZkUtils.scala:65)
      at kafka.server.KafkaServer.kafka$server$KafkaServer$$controlledShutdown(KafkaServer.scala:194)
      at kafka.server.KafkaServer$$anonfun$shutdown$1.apply$mcV$sp(KafkaServer.scala:269)
      at kafka.utils.Utils$.swallow(Utils.scala:172)
      at kafka.utils.Logging$class.swallowWarn(Logging.scala:92)
      at kafka.utils.Utils$.swallowWarn(Utils.scala:45)
      at kafka.utils.Logging$class.swallow(Logging.scala:94)
      at kafka.utils.Utils$.swallow(Utils.scala:45)
      at kafka.server.KafkaServer.shutdown(KafkaServer.scala:269)
      at kafka.server.KafkaServerStartable.shutdown(KafkaServerStartable.scala:42)
      at kafka.Kafka$$anon$1.run(Kafka.scala:42)
      2015-11-12T12:03:40.106Z INFO [Thread-2 ] [kafka.network.SocketServer ]: [Socket Server on Broker 13], Shutting down

      The kafka process continued running after this point. This is confirmed by the continuous rolling of logs
      [ReplicaFetcherThread-3-9 ] [kafka.log.Log ]: Rolled new log segment for 'topic-a-1' in 0 ms.
      [ReplicaFetcherThread-0-12 ] [kafka.log.Log ]: Rolled new log segment for 'topic-b-4' in 0 ms.


      At this point, that broker was in a half-dead state. Our clients were still timing out enqueuing messages to it. The under-replicated partition count on the other brokers was stuck at a positive, constant value and did not make any progress. We also noticed that the jmx connector threads weren't responding, which is how we found out that the process was in a bad shape. This happened for about 40mn till we killed the process and restarted it. Things have recovered after the restart.


        1. kafka.log
          8 kB

        Issue Links



              Unassigned Unassigned
              mahdouch Mahdi
              1 Vote for this issue
              4 Start watching this issue