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  1. Hive
  2. HIVE-21848

Table property name definition between ORC and Parquet encrytion

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    Details

    • Type: Task
    • Status: Open
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • Affects Version/s: 3.0.0
    • Fix Version/s: 3.0.0
    • Component/s: Metastore
    • Labels:
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    • Target Version/s:

      Description

      The goal of this Jira is to define a superset of unified table property names that can be used for both Parquet and ORC column encryption. There is no code change needed for this Jira.

      Background:

      ORC-14 and Parquet-1178 introduced column encryption to ORC and Parquet. To configure the encryption, e.g. which column is sensitive, what master key to be used, algorithm, etc, table properties can be used. It is important that both Parquet and ORC can use unified names.

      According to the slide https://www.slideshare.net/oom65/fine-grain-access-control-for-big-data-orc-column-encryption-137308692, ORC use table properties like orc.encrypt.pii, orc.encrypt.credit. While in the Parquet community, it is still discussing to provide several ways and using table properties is one of the options, while there is no detailed design of the table property names yet.

      So it is a good time to discuss within two communities to have unified table names as a superset.

      Proposal:

      There are several encryption properties that need to be specified for a table. Here is the list. This is the superset of Parquet and ORC. Some of them might not apply to both.

      1. PII columns including nest columns
      2. Column key metadata, master key metadata
      3. Encryption algorithm, for example, Parquet support AES_GCM and AES_CTR. ORC might support AES_CTR.
      4. Encryption footer - Parquet allow footer to be encrypted or plaintext
      5. Footer key metadata

      Here is the table properties proposal.  

      Table Property Name Value Notes
      encrypt_algorithm aes_ctr, aes_gcm The algorithm to be used for encryption.
      encrypt_footer_plaintext true, false Parquet support plaintext and encrypted footer. By default, it is encrypted.
      encrypt_footer_key_metadata base64 string of footer key metadata It is up to the KMS to define what key metadata is. The metadata should have enough information to figure out the corresponding key by the KMS.  
      encrypt_col_xxx base64 string of column key metadata ‘xxx’ is the column name for example, ‘address.zipcode’. 
       
      It is up to the KMS to define what key metadata is. The metadata should have enough information to figure out the corresponding key by the KMS.

       

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              • Assignee:
                shangx@uber.com Xinli Shang
                Reporter:
                shangx@uber.com Xinli Shang
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