The following protoc version's used in hive is very old i.e. 2.5.0 https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/com/google/protobuf/protoc/ . The v2.5.0 does not have aarch64 support. But the AArch64 support started from v3.5.0 on-words in google's protobuf project release. The hive release version branch v3/3.0/3.1/master branch build fails on AArch64 because of old protoc version 2.5.0, in which there is no AArch64 support/exe available.
After I replaced to latest available protoc version 3.6.1 the hive master branch pom.xml files, The hive compiled without any issues on ARM64 machine. This Jira ticket is used to propose a patch on Hive mailing list https://git.linaro.org/people/naresh.bhat/apache/hive.git/ to update pom.xml files protobuf version. I will also cherry-pick patches for other branches v3/3.0/3.1, and create a pull request.