Hive
  1. Hive
  2. HIVE-1251

TRANSFORM should allow piping or allow cross-subquery assumptions.

    Details

    • Type: Improvement Improvement
    • Status: Open
    • Priority: Major Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • Affects Version/s: None
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: None
    • Labels:
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      Description

      Many traditional transforms can be accomplished via simple unix commands chained together. For example, the "sort" phase is an instance of "cut -f 1 | sort". However, the TRANSFORM command in Hive doesn't allow for unix-style piping to occur.

      One classic case where I wish there was piping is when I want to "stack" a column into several rows:

      SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py | python reducer.py' AS key, value

      ...in this case, stacker.py would produce output of this form:
      key col0
      key col1
      key col2
      ...and then the reducer would reduce the above down to one item per key. In this case, the current workaround is this:

      SELECT TRANSFORM(a.key, a.col) USING 'python reducer.py' AS key, value FROM
      (SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py' AS key, col FROM table)

      ...the problem here is that for the above to work (and it should, indeed, work in a map-only MR task), I must assume that the data output from one subquery will be passed in EXACTLY THE SAME FORMAT to the outer query--i.e., I must assume that Hive will not cut a map or reduce phase in between, or "fan out" data from the inner query into different mappers in the outer query.

      As a user, I should not be allowed to assume that data coming out of a subquery goes into the nodes for a superquery in the same order...ESPECIALLY in the map phase.

        Activity

        Adam Kramer created issue -
        Adam Kramer made changes -
        Field Original Value New Value
        Summary TRANSFORM should allow pipes in some form TRANSFORM should allow piping or allow cross-subquery assumptions.
        Description Many traditional transforms can be accomplished via simple unix commands chained together. For example, the "sort" phase is an instance of "cut -f 1 | sort". However, the TRANSFORM command in Hive doesn't allow for unix-style piping to occur.

        One classic case where I wish there was piping is when I want to "stack" a column into several rows:

        SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py | python reducer.py' AS key, value

        ...in this case, stacker.py would produce output of this form:
        key col0
        key col1
        key col2
        ...and then the reducer would reduce the above down to one item per key. In this case, the current workaround is this:

        SELECT TRANSFORM(a.key, a.col) USING 'python reducer.py' AS key, value FROM
            (SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py' AS key, col FROM table)

        ...the problem here is that as a user, *I should not be allowed to assume* that the output from the inner query will be passed DIRECTLY to the outer query (i.e., the outer query should not assume that it gets the inner query's output on the same box and in the same order). I know as a programmer that this works fine as a pipe, but when writing Hive code I always wonder--what if Hive decides to run the inner query in a reduce step, and the outer query in a subsequent map step?

        Broadly, my understanding is that the goal of Hive is to abstract the mapreduce process away from users. To this end, we have syntax (CLUSTER BY) that allows users to assume that a reduce task will occur (but see also https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HIVE-835 ), but there is no formal way to force or syntactically assume that the data will NOT be copied or sorted or transformed. I argue that the only case where this would be necessary or desirable would be in the instance of a pipe within a transform...ergo a desire for | to work as expected.

        An alternative would be for the HQL language definition to explicitly state all conditions that would cause a task boundary to be crossed (so I can make the strong assumption that if none of those conditions obtains, my query will be supported in the future)...but that seems potentially restrictive as the language and Hadoop evolves.
        Many traditional transforms can be accomplished via simple unix commands chained together. For example, the "sort" phase is an instance of "cut -f 1 | sort". However, the TRANSFORM command in Hive doesn't allow for unix-style piping to occur.

        One classic case where I wish there was piping is when I want to "stack" a column into several rows:

        SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py | python reducer.py' AS key, value

        ...in this case, stacker.py would produce output of this form:
        key col0
        key col1
        key col2
        ...and then the reducer would reduce the above down to one item per key. In this case, the current workaround is this:

        SELECT TRANSFORM(a.key, a.col) USING 'python reducer.py' AS key, value FROM
            (SELECT TRANSFORM(key, col0, col1, col2) USING 'python stacker.py' AS key, col FROM table)

        ...the problem here is that for the above to work (and it should, indeed, work in a map-only MR task), I must assume that the data output from one subquery will be passed in EXACTLY THE SAME FORMAT to the outer query--i.e., I must assume that Hive will not cut a map or reduce phase in between, or "fan out" data from the inner query into different mappers in the outer query.

        As a user, *I should not be allowed to assume* that data coming out of a subquery goes into the nodes for a superquery in the same order...ESPECIALLY in the map phase.

          People

          • Assignee:
            Unassigned
            Reporter:
            Adam Kramer
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            Dates

            • Created:
              Updated:

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