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  1. Hadoop HDFS
  2. HDFS-4366

Block Replication Policy Implementation May Skip Higher-Priority Blocks for Lower-Priority Blocks



    • Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • 3.0.0-alpha1
    • 2.8.0, 3.0.0-alpha1
    • None
    • None
    • Reviewed


      In certain cases, higher-priority under-replicated blocks can be skipped by the replication policy implementation. The current implementation maintains, for each priority level, an index into a list of blocks that are under-replicated. Together, the lists compose a priority queue (see note later about branch-0.23). In some cases when blocks are removed from a list, the caller (BlockManager) properly handles the index into the list from which it removed a block. In some other cases, the index remains stationary while the list changes. Whenever this happens, and the removed block happened to be at or before the index, the implementation will skip over a block when selecting blocks for replication work.

      In situations when entire racks are decommissioned, leading to many under-replicated blocks, loss of blocks can occur.

      Background: HDFS-1765

      This patch to trunk greatly improved the state of the replication policy implementation. Prior to the patch, the following details were true:

      • The block "priority queue" was no such thing: It was really set of trees that held blocks in natural ordering, that being by the blocks ID, which resulted in iterator walks over the blocks in pseudo-random order.
      • There was only a single index into an iteration over all of the blocks...
      • ... meaning the implementation was only successful in respecting priority levels on the first pass. Overall, the behavior was a round-robin-type scheduling of blocks.

      After the patch

      • A proper priority queue is implemented, preserving log n operations while iterating over blocks in the order added.
      • A separate index for each priority is key is kept...
      • ... allowing for processing of the highest priority blocks first regardless of which priority had last been processed.

      The change was suggested for branch-0.23 as well as trunk, but it does not appear to have been pulled in.

      The problem:

      Although the indices are now tracked in a better way, there is a synchronization issue since the indices are managed outside of methods to modify the contents of the queue.

      Removal of a block from a priority level without adjusting the index can mean that the index then points to the block after the block it originally pointed to. In the next round of scheduling for that priority level, the block originally pointed to by the index is skipped.


        1. HDFS-4366.patch
          23 kB
          Derek Dagit
        2. HDFS-4366.patch
          23 kB
          Derek Dagit
        3. HDFS-4366.patch
          13 kB
          Derek Dagit
        4. HDFS-4366.patch
          11 kB
          Derek Dagit
        5. HDFS-4366.patch
          9 kB
          Derek Dagit
        6. HDFS-4366.patch
          9 kB
          Derek Dagit
        7. HDFS-4366-branch-2.patch
          23 kB
          Haohui Mai
        8. hdfs-4366-unittest.patch
          5 kB
          Derek Dagit

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