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  1. Hadoop HDFS
  2. HDFS-10943

rollEditLog expects empty EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent which is not guaranteed

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    • Bug
    • Status: Open
    • Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • None
    • None
    • None
    • None

    Description

      Per the following trace stack:

      FATAL org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSEditLog: Error: finalize log segment 10562075963, 10562174157 failed for required journal (JournalAndStream(mgr=QJM to [0.0.0.1:8485, 0.0.0.2:8485, 0.0.0.3:8485, 0.0.0.4:8485, 0.0.0.5:8485], stream=QuorumOutputStream starting at txid 10562075963))
      java.io.IOException: FSEditStream has 49708 bytes still to be flushed and cannot be closed.
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.EditsDoubleBuffer.close(EditsDoubleBuffer.java:66)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.qjournal.client.QuorumOutputStream.close(QuorumOutputStream.java:65)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.JournalSet$JournalAndStream.closeStream(JournalSet.java:115)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.JournalSet$4.apply(JournalSet.java:235)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.JournalSet.mapJournalsAndReportErrors(JournalSet.java:393)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.JournalSet.finalizeLogSegment(JournalSet.java:231)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSEditLog.endCurrentLogSegment(FSEditLog.java:1243)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSEditLog.rollEditLog(FSEditLog.java:1172)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSImage.rollEditLog(FSImage.java:1243)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.FSNamesystem.rollEditLog(FSNamesystem.java:6437)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.NameNodeRpcServer.rollEditLog(NameNodeRpcServer.java:1002)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocolPB.NamenodeProtocolServerSideTranslatorPB.rollEditLog(NamenodeProtocolServerSideTranslatorPB.java:142)
              at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.protocol.proto.NamenodeProtocolProtos$NamenodeProtocolService$2.callBlockingMethod(NamenodeProtocolProtos.java:12025)
              at org.apache.hadoop.ipc.ProtobufRpcEngine$Server$ProtoBufRpcInvoker.call(ProtobufRpcEngine.java:617)
              at org.apache.hadoop.ipc.RPC$Server.call(RPC.java:1060)
              at org.apache.hadoop.ipc.Server$Handler$1.run(Server.java:2086)
              at org.apache.hadoop.ipc.Server$Handler$1.run(Server.java:2082)
              at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
              at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:422)
              at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1671)
              at org.apache.hadoop.ipc.Server$Handler.run(Server.java:2080)
      2016-09-23 21:40:59,618 WARN org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.qjournal.client.QuorumJournalManager: Aborting QuorumOutputStream starting at txid 10562075963
      

      The exception is from EditsDoubleBuffer

       public void close() throws IOException {
          Preconditions.checkNotNull(bufCurrent);
          Preconditions.checkNotNull(bufReady);
      
          int bufSize = bufCurrent.size();
          if (bufSize != 0) {
            throw new IOException("FSEditStream has " + bufSize
                + " bytes still to be flushed and cannot be closed.");
          }
      
          IOUtils.cleanup(null, bufCurrent, bufReady);
          bufCurrent = bufReady = null;
        }
      

      We can see that FSNamesystem.rollEditLog expects EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent to be empty.

      Edits are recorded via FSEditLog$logSync, which does:

         * The data is double-buffered within each edit log implementation so that
         * in-memory writing can occur in parallel with the on-disk writing.
         *
         * Each sync occurs in three steps:
         *   1. synchronized, it swaps the double buffer and sets the isSyncRunning
         *      flag.
         *   2. unsynchronized, it flushes the data to storage
         *   3. synchronized, it resets the flag and notifies anyone waiting on the
         *      sync.
         *
         * The lack of synchronization on step 2 allows other threads to continue
         * to write into the memory buffer while the sync is in progress.
         * Because this step is unsynchronized, actions that need to avoid
         * concurrency with sync() should be synchronized and also call
         * waitForSyncToFinish() before assuming they are running alone.
         */
      

      We can see that step 2 is on-purposely not synchronized to let other threads to write into the memory buffer, presumbaly EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent. This means that the EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent can be non-empty when logSync is done.

      Now if rollEditLog happens, the above exception happens.

      Another interesting observation is, the size of the EditsDoubleBuffer can be as large as "private int outputBufferCapacity = 512 * 1024;", which means a lot of edits could get buffered before they are flushed to JNs.

      How can rollEdit operation expect the EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent to be empty? Or ask in another way, ollEdit operation want to close the stream

      org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.JournalSet$JournalAndStream.closeStream(JournalSet.java:115)
      

      where the close operation expects EditsDoubleBuffer.bufCurrent to be empty. It seems rollEdit should make sure the EditsDoubleBuffer is flushed in a synchronized way before it tries to close the stream. Why it doesn't do that?

      If my above theory is correct, wonder why this issue doesn't show up so often.

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              Unassigned Unassigned
              yzhangal Yongjun Zhang
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                Created:
                Updated: