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  1. Hadoop Common
  2. HADOOP-8828

Support distcp from secure to insecure clusters



    • Bug
    • Status: Reopened
    • Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • None
    • None
    • tools/distcp
    • None


      Users currently can't distcp from secure to insecure clusters.

      Relevant background from ATM:

      There's no plumbing to make the HFTP client use AuthenticatedURL in the case security is enabled. This means that even though you have the servlet filter correctly configured on the server, the client doesn't know how to properly authenticate to that filter.

      The crux of the issue is that security is enabled globally instead of per-file system. The trick of using HFTP as the source FS works when the source is insecure, but not the source is secure.

      Normal cp with two hdfs:// URL can be made to work. There is indeed logic in o.a.h.ipc.Client to fall back to using simple authentication if your client config has security enabled (hadoop.security.authentication set to "kerberos") and the server responds with a response for simple authentication. Thing is, there are at least 3 bugs with this that I bumped into. All three can be worked around.

      1) If your client config has security enabled you must have a valid Kerberos TGT, even if you're interacting with an insecure cluster. The hadoop client unfortunately tries to read the local ticket cache before it tries to connect to the server, and so doesn't know that it won't need Kerberos credentials.

      2) Even though the destination NN is insecure, it has to have a Kerberos principal created for it. You don't need a keytab, and you don't need to change any settings on the destination NN. The principal just needs to exist in the principal database. This is again because the hadoop client will, before connecting to the remote NN, try to get a service ticket for the hdfs/f.q.d.n principal for the remote NN. If this fails, it won't even get to the part where it tries to connect to the insecure NN and falls back to simple auth.

      3) Once you get through problems 1 and 2, you will try to connect to the remote, insecure NN. This will work, but the reported principal name of your user will include a realm that the remote NN doesn't know about. You will either need to change the default_realm setting in /etc/krb5.conf on the insecure NN to be the same as the secure NN, or you will need to add some custom hadoop.security.auth_to_local mappings on the insecure NN so it knows how to translate this long principal name into a short name.

      Even with all these changes, distcp still won't work since the first thing it tries to do when submitting the job is to get a delegation token for all the involved NNs, which won't work since the insecure NN isn't running a DT secret manager. I haven't been able to figure out a way around this, except to make a custom distcp which doesn't necessarily do this.


        Issue Links



              wheat9 Haohui Mai
              eli Eli Collins
              4 Vote for this issue
              29 Start watching this issue