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  1. Apache Drill
  2. DRILL-7279

Support provided schema for CSV without headers



    • Improvement
    • Status: Resolved
    • Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • 1.16.0
    • 1.17.0
    • None


      Extend the Drill 1.16 provided schema support for the text reader to allow a provided schema for files without headers. Behavior:

      • If the file is configured to not extract headers, and a schema is provided, and the schema has at least one column, then use the provided schema to create individual columns. Otherwise, continue to use columns as in previous versions.
      • The columns in the schema are assumed to match left-to-right with those in the file.
      • If the schema contains more columns than the file, the extra columns take their default values. (This occurs in schema evolution when a column is added to newer files.)
      • If the file contains more columns than the schema, then the extra columns, at the end of the line, are ignored. This is the same behavior as occurs if the file contains headers.

      Table Properties

      Also adds several table properties for text files. These properties, if present, override those defined in the format plugin configuration. The properties allow the user to have a single "csv" config, but to have many tables with the "csv" suffix, each with different properties. That is, the user need not define a new plugin config, and define a new extension, just to change a file format property. With this system, the user can have a ".csv" file with headers; the user need not define a different suffix (usually ".csvh" in Drill) for this case.

      All properties start with drill} (standard for Drill-defined properties) then "text" (because they are specific to the text reader.) The tail property name is the same as the format config property name.

      Table Property Equivalent Plugin Config Property
      drill.text.extractHeader extractHeader
      drill.text.skipFirstLine skipFirstLine
      drill.text.fieldDelimiter fieldDelimiter
      drill.text.quote quote
      drill.text.escape escape
      drill.text.lineDelimiter lineDelimiter

      For each, the rules are:

      • If the table property is not set, then the plugin property is used.
      • If the table property is set, then the property value replaces the plugin property value for that one specific table.
      • For most properties, if the property value is an empty string, then this is the same as an unset property.
      • For the comment, if the property value is an empty string, then the comment is set to the ASCII NULL, which will never match. This effectively turns off the comment feature for this one table.
      • If the delimiter or comment value is longer than a single character, only the first character is used.

      It is possible to use the table properties without specifying a "provided" schema. Just omit any columns from the schema:

      create schema () for table `dfs.data`.`example`
      PROPERTIES ('drill.text.extractHeader'='false', 'drill.text.skipFirstLine'='false', 'drill.text.fieldDelimiter'='|')

      The field and line delimiters are sometimes a non-printable character. Drill (via Calcite) already supports the following syntax:

      • Standard escapes: \n, \r, \t, perhaps others.
      • Two-byte (ASCII) codes: \01
      • Four-byte (Unicode) codes: \u0001

      Note that, although Drill supports Unicode escapes, the text reader itself supports only single-byte characters for the delimiter and escape properties.


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              Paul.Rogers Paul Rogers
              Paul.Rogers Paul Rogers
              Arina Ielchiieva Arina Ielchiieva
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