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  1. Commons Compress
  2. COMPRESS-333

bz2 stream decompressor is 10x slower than it could be



    • Type: Improvement
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: None
    • Fix Version/s: 1.11
    • Component/s: None
    • Labels:


      This is related to COMPRESS-291. In short: decompressing 7z archives was an order of magnitude slower in Java than with native tooling.

      My investigation showed that the problematic archive used bz2 streams inside. I then did a quick hack-experiment which took bz2 decompressor from the Apache Hadoop project (the Java version, not the native one) and replaced the default one used for bz2 stream decompression of the 7z archiver in commons.

      I then ran a quick benchmark on this file:


      The decompression speeds are (SSD, the file was essentially fully cached in memory, so everything is CPU bound):

      native {{7za}}: 13 seconds
      Commons (original): 222 seconds
      Commons (patched w/Hadoop bz2): 30 seconds
      Commons (patched w/BufferedInputStream): 28 seconds

      Yes, it's still 3 times slower than native code, but it's no longer glacially slow...

      My patch is a quick and dirty proof of concept (not committable, see [1]), but it passes the tests. Some notes:

      • Hadoop's stream isn't suited for handling concatenated bz2 streams, it'd have to be either patched in the code or (better) decorated at a level above the low-level decoder,
      • I only substituted the decompressor in 7z, but obviously this could benefit in other places (zip, etc.); essentially, I'd remove BZip2CompressorInputStream entirely.
      • while I toyed around with the above idea I noticed a really annoying thing – all streams are required to extend CompressorInputStream, which only adds one method to count the number of consumed bytes. This complicates the code and makes plugging in other implementations of InputStreams more cumbersome. I could get rid of CompressorInputStream entirely with a few minor changes to the code, but obviously this would be backward incompatible (see [2]).

      [1] GitHub fork, bzip2 branch: https://github.com/dweiss/commons-compress/tree/bzip2
      [2] Removal and cleanup of CompressorInputStream: https://github.com/dweiss/commons-compress/commit/6948ed371e8ed6e6b69b96ee936d1455cbfd6458


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              • Assignee:
                dweiss Dawid Weiss
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