I am encountering a performance problem in MultiValueMap. It appears
in version 3.2.1 and also in revision 1366088. I attached a test that
exposes this problem and a patch that fixes it. On my machine, for
this test, the patch provides a 1158X speedup.
To run the test, just do:
$ java Test
The output for the un-patched version is:
Time is 44040
The output for the patched version is:
Time is 38
The attached test shows that, for a "MultiValueMap multi" object, the
following operation is very slow:
"MultiValueMap.values()" returns a "MultiValueMap.Values" object,
which inherits containsAll() from "java.util.AbstractCollection",
which has quadratic complexity.
I attached two patches. Both patches override containsAll() and
implement a linear time algorithm. patchSmall.diff populates a
HashSet eagerly, and patchFull.diff populates a HashSet lazily.
patchFull.diff is faster than patchSmall.diff when containsAll()
returns false after inspecting only a few elements, though in most
cases they are equally fast. I am including patchSmall.diff just in
case you prefer smaller code.
Note that this problem is different from
established in the
COLLECTIONS-416 discussion, there the user was
responsible for using the proper data structures as argument for the
For "MultiValueMap.values()", the problem is not related to the
collection passed as parameter. The problem will always manifest for
this method, irrespective of the parameter type. I attached a test
(TestDifferentParameter.java) that shows that, even with a HashSet
parameter, the current problem still manifests (which did not happen
This problem also exists for the two other "Values" classes
(AbstractHashedMap.Values, StaticBucketMap.Values). I attached tests
and patches for these classes as well. If you want me to file
separate reports, just let me know.
Is this truly a performance problem, or am I misunderstanding the
intended behavior? If so, can you please confirm that the patches are