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  1. Cassandra
  2. CASSANDRA-14404

Transient Replication & Cheap Quorums: Decouple storage requirements from consensus group size using incremental repair



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      Transient Replication is an implementation of Witness Replicas that leverages incremental repair to make full replicas consistent with transient replicas that don't store the entire data set. Witness replicas are used in real world systems such as Megastore and Spanner to increase availability inexpensively without having to commit to more full copies of the database. Transient replicas implement functionality similar to upgradable and temporary replicas from the paper.

      With transient replication the replication factor is increased beyond the desired level of data redundancy by adding replicas that only store data when sufficient full replicas are unavailable to store the data. These replicas are called transient replicas. When incremental repair runs transient replicas stream any data they have received to full replicas and once the data is fully replicated it is dropped at the transient replicas.

      Cheap quorums are a further set of optimizations on the write path to avoid writing to transient replicas unless sufficient full replicas are available as well as optimizations on the read path to prefer reading from transient replicas. When writing at quorum to a table configured to use transient replication the quorum will always prefer available full replicas over transient replicas so that transient replicas don't have to process writes. Rapid write protection (similar to rapid read protection) reduces tail latency when full replicas are slow/unavailable to respond by sending writes to additional replicas if necessary.

      Transient replicas can generally service reads faster because they don't have to do anything beyond bloom filter checks if they have no data. With vnodes and larger size clusters they will not have a large quantity of data even in failure cases where transient replicas start to serve a steady amount of write traffic for some of their transiently replicated ranges.


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              aweisberg Ariel Weisberg
              aweisberg Ariel Weisberg
              Ariel Weisberg
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