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  1. C++ Standard Library
  2. STDCXX-895

[HP-UX] use the +h ld option to record internal library name

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Details

    • New Feature
    • Status: Open
    • Critical
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • 4.2.0, 4.2.1
    • 4.2.2
    • Build and Installation
    • None
    • HP-UX

    • Incorrect Behavior

    Description

      The HP-UX Linker and Libraries User's Guide: HP 9000 Computers (see also this document) recommends using the linker's +h internal_name option to designate the internal name of the library. We should follow that recommendation.

      Quoting from Version Control with Shared Libraries:

      Library-Level Versioning

      HP-UX 10.0 adds a new library-level versioning scheme that allows you to maintain multiple versions of shared libraries when you make incompatible changes to the library. By maintaining multiple versions, applications linked with the older versions continue to run with the older libraries, while new applications link and run with the newest version of the library. Library-level versioning is very similar to the library versioning on UNIX System V Release 4.

      How to Use Library-Level Versioning

      To use library-level versioning, follow these steps:

      1. Name the first version of your shared library with an extension of .0 (that's the number zero), for example libA.0. Use the +h option to designate the internal name of the library, for example, libA.0:
              ld -b *.o -o libA.0 +h libA.0      Creates the shared library libA.0. 
        
      2. Since the linker still looks for libraries ending in .sl with the -l option, create a symbolic link from the usual name of the library ending in .sl to the actual library. For example, libA.sl points to libA.0:
              ln -s libA.0 libA.sl                 libA.sl is a symbolic link to libA.0.
        
      3. Link applications as usual, using the -l option to specify libraries. The linker searches for libA.sl, as usual. However, if the library it finds has an internal name, the linker places the internal name of the library in the executable's shared library dependency list. When you run the application, the dynamic loader loads the library named by this internal name. For example:
              ld /opt/langtools/lib/crt0.o prog.o -lA -lc Binds a.out with libA.0.
        

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            sebor Martin Sebor

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