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  1. C++ Standard Library
  2. STDCXX-509

std::numeric_limits<double>::infinity() depends on dynamic initialization


    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Closed
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 4.1.2, 4.1.3
    • Fix Version/s: 4.2.0
    • Component/s: 18. Language Support
    • Labels:
    • Environment:

      gcc3.2, linux AS3.0


      A customer discovered a problem with std::numeric_limits<double> in RW libstd. Placing RW libstd on linkline before libFoo results in the program printing "0" instead of "inf". The problem doesn't happen with native gcc STL.

      We reproduced the problem with the latest version of standard library downloaded from Apache. From our understanding, when creating the libFoo.so and using the native standard library is creating an implicit dependency on the libsupc++ (compiler dependent). This implicit dependency is initializing the static variable when libFoo.so is loaded. If we use RW libstd instread of libstdc++(native gcc stl), the program will print "0" instead of "inf".

      1. make shared lib
        gcc -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/include/ansi -pthread -D_RWSTD_USE_CONFIG -I/nfs/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/12d/include -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/include -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/examples/include -pedantic -nostdinc++ -O2 -Wall -W -Wcast-qual -Winline -Wshadow -Wwrite-strings -Wno-long-long -Wcast-align -fPIC -shared -o libFooRW-link.so foo.C
      1. make binary.
        gcc -pthread -o mainRW main.C -L/nfs/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/12d/lib -lstd12d -lsupc++ -lm -lFooRW

      However, using the RW standard library, if such dependency is created explicitly then it prints "inf". For example, the following set of commands fixes the problem:

      1. make shared lib
        gcc -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/include/ansi -pthread -D_RWSTD_USE_CONFIG -I/nfs/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/12d/include -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/include -I/amd/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/stdcxx-4.1.3/examples/include -pedantic -nostdinc++ -O2 -Wall -W -Wcast-qual -Winline -Wshadow -Wwrite-strings -Wno-long-long -Wcast-align -fPIC -shared -o libFooRW-link.so foo.C -lstd12d
      1. make binary.
        gcc -pthread -o mainRW main.C -L/nfs/homes/dean/temp/stdlib-cxx/12d/lib -lstd12d -lsupc++ -lm -lFooRW

      But the customer never links their shared libs(i.e libFoo in this example) with RW libstd. They only link binaries with RW libstd! But it makes RW libstd sensitive to link order. And they think the problem is in limits.cpp file:

      > <snip>
      > static union

      { > char _C_bits [sizeof (double)]; > double _C_inf; > }

      __rw_dbl_inf_bits =


      > _RWSTD_EXPORT extern const double __rw_dbl_infinity =
      > __rw_dbl_inf_bits._C_inf; </snip>
      > __rw_dbl_infinity ends up in the uninitialized data section of
      > libstd_gcc32.so
      > nm -C libstd_gcc32.so| grep __rw_dbl_infinity
      > 000937f8 B _rw::_rw_dbl_infinity

      If the symbol was initialized in data section, the link order wouldn't matter.

      Environment: RWSP6, gcc3.2, linux AS3.0

      Martin Sebor's Comments:

      Because the initializer of __rw_dbl_infinity is not a constant expresssion [expr.const] the symbol is initialized dynamically (at runtime) rather than statically (i.e., at load time). It seems that the compiler should be able to initialize it statically anyway, even if it's not required to. Regardless, we should avoid making the assumption that it will and change the initialization of the extern constants to use constant expressions instead.


        1. limits_bits.cpp.patch
          5 kB
          Martin Sebor



            • Assignee:
              sebor Martin Sebor
              inampudi@roguewave.com Ravi K Inampudi


              • Created:

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