Ever since cursorMarks were introduced in
SOLR-5463 in 2014, cursorMark and timeAllowed parameters were not allowed in combination ("Can not search using both cursorMark and timeAllowed")
, from QueryComponent.java]:
While theoretically impure to use them in combination, it is often desirable to support cursormarks-style deep paging and attempt to protect Solr nodes from runaway queries using timeAllowed, in the hopes that most of the time, the query completes in the allotted time, and there is no conflict.
However if the query takes too long, it may be preferable to end the query and protect the Solr node and provide the user with a somewhat inaccurate sorted list. As noted in
SOLR-6930, SOLR-5986 and others, timeAllowed is frequently used to prevent runaway load. In fact, cursorMark and shards.tolerant are allowed in combination, so any argument in favor of purity would be a bit muddied in my opinion.
This was discussed once in the mailing list that I can find: https://mail-archives.apache.org/mod_mbox/lucene-solr-user/201506.mbox/%3C5591740B.email@example.com%3E It did not look like there was strong support for preventing the combination.
I have tested cursorMark and timeAllowed combination together, and even when partial results are returned because the timeAllowed is exceeded, the cursorMark response value is still valid and reasonable.