Lucene - Core
  1. Lucene - Core
  2. LUCENE-3838

IndexWriter.maybeMerge() removes deleted documents from index (Lucene 3.1.0 to 3.5.0)

    Details

    • Type: Bug Bug
    • Status: Open
    • Priority: Blocker Blocker
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • Affects Version/s: 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: core/index
    • Labels:
    • Environment:

      Windows, Linux, OSX

    • Lucene Fields:
      New

      Description

      My company uses Lucene for high performance, heavy loaded farms of translation repositories with hundreds of simultaneous add/delete/update/search/retrieve threads. In order to support this complex architecture beside other things and tricks used here I rely on docId-s being unchanged until I ask that explicitly (using IndexWriter.optimize() - IndexWriter.forceMerge()).

      For this behavior LogMergePolicy is used.

      This worked fine until we raised the Lucene version from 3.0.2 to 3.5.0. Until version 3.1.0 merge triggerred by IndexWriter.addDocument() didn't expunge deleted documents ensuring that docId-s stayed unchanged and making some critical jobs possible without impact on index size. IndexWriter.optimize() did the actual deleted documents removal.

      From Lucene version 3.1.0 IndexWriter.maybeMerge() does the same thing as IndexWriter.forceMerge() regarding deleted documents. There is no difference. This leads to unpredictable internal index structure changes during simple document add (and possible delete) operations and in undefined point in time. I looked into the Lucene source code and can definitely confirm this.

      This issue makes our Lucene client code totally unusable.

      Solution steps:

      1) add a flag somewhere that will control whether the deleted documents should be removed in maybeMerge(). Note that this is only a half of what we need here.
      2) make forceMerge() always remove deleted documents no matter if maybeMerge() removes them or not. Alternatively, there can be another parameter added to forceMerge() that will also tell if deleted documents should be removed from index or not.

      The sample JUnit code that can replicate this issue is added below.

      public class TempTest {

      private Analyzer _analyzer = new KeywordAnalyzer();

      @Test
      public void testIndex() throws Exception {
      File indexDir = new File("sample-index");
      if (indexDir.exists())

      { indexDir.delete(); }

      FSDirectory index = FSDirectory.open(indexDir);

      Document doc;

      IndexWriter writer = createWriter(index, true);
      try

      { doc = new Document(); doc.add(new Field("field", "text0", Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.ANALYZED)); writer.addDocument(doc); doc = new Document(); doc.add(new Field("field", "text1", Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.ANALYZED)); writer.addDocument(doc); doc = new Document(); doc.add(new Field("field", "text2", Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.ANALYZED)); writer.addDocument(doc); writer.commit(); }

      finally

      { writer.close(); }

      IndexReader reader = IndexReader.open(index, false);
      try { reader.deleteDocument(1); } finally { reader.close(); }

      writer = createWriter(index, false);
      try {
      for (int i = 3; i < 100; i++) { doc = new Document(); doc.add(new Field("field", "text" + i, Field.Store.YES, Field.Index.ANALYZED)); writer.addDocument(doc); writer.commit(); }
      } finally { writer.close(); }

      boolean deleted;
      String text;

      reader = IndexReader.open(index, true);
      try

      { deleted = reader.isDeleted(1); text = reader.document(1).get("field"); }

      finally

      { reader.close(); }

      assertTrue(deleted); // This line breaks
      assertEquals("text1", text);
      }

      private MergePolicy createEngineMergePolicy()

      { LogDocMergePolicy mergePolicy = new LogDocMergePolicy(); mergePolicy.setCalibrateSizeByDeletes(false); mergePolicy.setUseCompoundFile(true); mergePolicy.setNoCFSRatio(1.0); return mergePolicy; }

      private IndexWriter createWriter(Directory index, boolean create)
      throws Exception

      { IndexWriterConfig iwConfig = new IndexWriterConfig(Version.LUCENE_35, _analyzer); iwConfig.setOpenMode(create ? IndexWriterConfig.OpenMode.CREATE : IndexWriterConfig.OpenMode.APPEND); iwConfig.setMergePolicy(createEngineMergePolicy()); iwConfig.setMergeScheduler(new ConcurrentMergeScheduler()); return new IndexWriter(index, iwConfig); }

      }

      1. TempTest.java
        3 kB
        Ivan Stojanovic

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          • Assignee:
            Unassigned
            Reporter:
            Ivan Stojanovic
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            Dates

            • Created:
              Updated:

              Development