Model.createList(Iterator) is slow for large list sizes. Starting at 128 nodes, creating a list from an ArrayList iterator takes ~3.6ms and the time goes up to 182ms for 1024 nodes. Creating the RDF list by hand and then doing .as(RDFList.class) for the 1024-nodes tests takes only 1.2ms. I will attach a MWE.
Going through the code, the cause seems to be that RDFListImpl.with() , which is called for every member added, will always walk the entire list to get the last node. It mentions a possible cache for that, but it is not implemented. I wrote a patch for this issue replacing ModelCom.createList() implementation. I could not find tests for createList, so I added three simple ones to TestModel.
PS: I'm having a classpath issue with jena-arq tests on mvn clean install, so I could only run tests for jena-core. Are there more specific instructions somewhere for building and testing jena?