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  1. jclouds
  2. JCLOUDS-1203

aws-ec2 rate-limiting causes provisioning to fail: need longer back-off/retry



    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Open
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • Affects Version/s: 1.9.2, 2.0.0
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: jclouds-compute
    • Labels:


      TL;DR: increase default retry/back-off to 500ms and 6 retries.

      In Apache Brooklyn (which uses jclouds), we hit Request limit exceeded when provisioning VMs in aws-ec2 [1]. We were provisioning multiple machines concurrently: different threads were independently calling createNodesInGroup. The default exponential backoff and retry within jclouds wasn't enough.

      My understanding is that AWS will rate-limit based on the nature (as well as number) of API calls. For example, if creating/modifying security groups is a more expensive operation (from AWS's perspective) than a simple poll for a machine's state, then those requests would cause rate-limiting sooner.

      Within jclouds, the defaults are retryCountLimit = 5 and delayStart = 50ms (see [2]).

      This means we retry with the back-offs being (approximately) 50ms, 100ms, 200ms, 400ms and 500ms.

      We overrode the defaults to be 500ms and 6 retries, and could then successfully provision 20 VMs concurrently. Six of the 20 calls to RunInstances were rate-limited. It took several retries before the request was accepted, having to back off for more than 4 seconds in some cases.

      At worst, the existing short back-off may make things worse (the overly aggressive retry might cause other concurrent calls to also be rate-limited).

      At best, the short back-off just isn't long enough so that particular VM provisioning fails. For example, if AWS uses a leaky bucket algorithm [3] then hopefully some requests would keep on getting through. But AWS don't publicise such details of their algorithm/implementation, I believe.

      [1] https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/BROOKLYN-394
      [2] https://github.com/jclouds/jclouds/blob/rel/jclouds-2.0.0/core/src/main/java/org/jclouds/http/handlers/BackoffLimitedRetryHandler.java#L81-#L87
      [3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaky_bucket




            • Assignee:
              aled.sage Aled Sage
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