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  1. Apache Helix
  2. HELIX-655

Helix per-participant concurrent task throttling


    • Type: New Feature
    • Status: Closed
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 0.6.x
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: helix-core
    • Labels:



      Currently, all runnable jobs/tasks in Helix are equally treated. They are all scheduled according to the rebalancer algorithm. Means, their assignment might be different, but they will all be in RUNNING state.
      This may cause an issue if there are too many concurrently runnable jobs. When Helix controller starts all these jobs, the instances may be overload as they are assigning resources and executing all the tasks. As a result, the jobs won't be able to finish in a reasonable time window.
      The issue is even more critical to long run jobs. According to our meeting with Gobblin team, when a job is scheduled, they allocate resource for the job. So in the situation described above, more and more resources will be reserved for the pending jobs. The cluster will soon be exhausted.
      For solving the problem, an application needs to schedule jobs in a relatively low frequency (what Gobblin is doing now). This may cause low utilization.

      A better way to fix this issue, at framework level, is throttling jobs/tasks that are running concurrently, and allowing setting priority for different jobs to control total execute time.
      So given same amount of jobs, the cluster is in a better condition. As a result, jobs running in that cluster have a more controllable execute time.

      Existing related control mechanisms are:

      • ConcurrentTasksPerInstance for each job
      • ParallelJobs for each workflow
      • Threadpool limitation on the participant if user customizes TaskStateModelFactory.

      But none of them can directly help when concurrent workflows or jobs number is large. If an application keeps scheduling jobs/jobQueues, Helix will start any runnable jobs without considering the workload on the participants.
      The application may be able to carefully configures these items to achieve the goal. But they won't be able to easily find the sweet spot. Especially the cluster might be changing (scale out etc.).

      Problem summary

      1. All runnable tasks will start executing, which may overload the participant.
      2. Application needs a mechanism to prioritize important jobs (or workflows). Otherwise, important tasks may be blocked by other less important ones. And allocated resource is wasted.

      Feature proposed

      Based on our discussing, we proposed 2 features that can help to resolve the issue.

      1. Running task throttling on each participant. This is for avoiding overload.
      2. Job priority control that ensures high priority jobs are scheduled earlier.

      In addition, application can leverage workflow/job monitor items as feedback from Helix to adjust their stretgy.




            • Assignee:
              dasahcc Junkai Xue
              jiajunwang Jiajun Wang
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