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  1. HBase
  2. HBASE-20866

HBase 1.x scan performance degradation compared to 0.98 version

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    Details

    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Resolved
    • Priority: Critical
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Affects Version/s: 1.3.2
    • Fix Version/s: 1.3.3
    • Component/s: Performance
    • Labels:
      None
    • Hadoop Flags:
      Reviewed

      Description

      Internally while testing 1.3 as part of migration from 0.98 to 1.3 we observed perf degradation in scan performance for phoenix queries varying from few 10's to upto 200% depending on the query being executed. We tried simple native HBase scan and there also we saw upto 40% degradation in performance when the number of column qualifiers are high (40-50+)

      To identify the root cause of performance diff between 0.98 and 1.3 we carried out lot of experiments with profiling and git bisect iterations, however we were not able to identify any particular source of scan performance degradation and it looked like this is an accumulated degradation of 5-10% over various enhancements and refactoring.

      We identified few major enhancements like partialResult handling, ScannerContext with heartbeat processing, time/size limiting, RPC refactoring, etc that could have contributed to small degradation in performance which put together could be leading to large overall degradation.

      One of the changes is HBASE-11544 which implements partialResult handling. In ClientScanner.java the results received from server are cached on the client side by converting the result array into an ArrayList. This function gets called in a loop depending on the number of rows in the scan result. Example for ten’s of millions of rows scanned, this can be called in the order of millions of times.

      In almost all the cases 99% of the time (except for handling partial results, etc). We are just taking the resultsFromServer converting it into a ArrayList resultsToAddToCache in addResultsToList(..) and then iterating over the list again and adding it to cache in loadCache(..) as given in the code path below

      In ClientScanner → loadCache(..) → getResultsToAddToCache(..) → addResultsToList(..) →

      loadCache() {
      ...
           List<Result> resultsToAddToCache =
               getResultsToAddToCache(values, callable.isHeartbeatMessage());
      ...
      …
             for (Result rs : resultsToAddToCache) {
               rs = filterLoadedCell(rs);
               cache.add(rs);
      ...
             }
      }
      
      getResultsToAddToCache(..) {
      ..
         final boolean isBatchSet = scan != null && scan.getBatch() > 0;
         final boolean allowPartials = scan != null && scan.getAllowPartialResults();
      ..
         if (allowPartials || isBatchSet) {
           addResultsToList(resultsToAddToCache, resultsFromServer, 0,
             (null == resultsFromServer ? 0 : resultsFromServer.length));
           return resultsToAddToCache;
         }
      ...
      }
      
      private void addResultsToList(List<Result> outputList, Result[] inputArray, int start, int end) {
         if (inputArray == null || start < 0 || end > inputArray.length) return;
         for (int i = start; i < end; i++) {
           outputList.add(inputArray[i]);
         }
       }

       

      It looks like we can avoid the result array to arraylist conversion (resultsFromServer --> resultsToAddToCache ) for the first case which is also the most frequent case and instead directly take the values arraay returned by callable and add it to the cache without converting it into ArrayList.

      I have taken both these flags allowPartials and isBatchSet out in loadcahe() and I am directly adding values to scanner cache if the above condition is pass instead of coverting it into arrayList by calling getResultsToAddToCache(). For example:

      protected void loadCache() throws IOException {
      Result[] values = null;
      ..
      final boolean isBatchSet = scan != null && scan.getBatch() > 0;
      final boolean allowPartials = scan != null && scan.getAllowPartialResults();
      ..
      for (;;) {
      try {
      values = call(callable, caller, scannerTimeout);
      ..
      } catch (DoNotRetryIOException | NeedUnmanagedConnectionException e) {
      ..
      }
      
      if (allowPartials || isBatchSet) {  // DIRECTLY COPY values TO CACHE
      if (values != null) {
      for (int v=0; v<values.length; v++) {
      Result rs = values[v];
      ....
      cache.add(rs);
      ...
      } else { // DO ALL THE REGULAR PARTIAL RESULT HANDLING ..
      List<Result> resultsToAddToCache =
      getResultsToAddToCache(values, callable.isHeartbeatMessage());
       for (Result rs : resultsToAddToCache) {
      ....
      cache.add(rs);
      ...
      
      }
      }
      
      
      

       

      I am seeing upto 10% improvement in scan time with these changes, sample PE execution results given below. 

      PE (1M , 1 thread) with addResultsToList without addResultsToList %improvement
      ScanTest 9228 8448 9
      RandomScanWithRange10Test 393413 378222 4
      RandomScanWithRange100Test 1041860 980147 6

      Similarly we are observing upto 10% improvement in simple native HBase scan test used internally that just scans through a large region filtering all the rows. I still have to do the phoenix query tests with this change. Posting the initial observations for feedback/comments and suggestions. 

        Attachments

        1. HBASE-20866.branch-1.3.003.patch
          12 kB
          Vikas Vishwakarma
        2. HBASE-20866.branch-1.3.002.patch
          11 kB
          Vikas Vishwakarma
        3. HBASE-20866.branch-1.3.001.patch
          10 kB
          Vikas Vishwakarma

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              • Assignee:
                vik.karma Vikas Vishwakarma
                Reporter:
                vik.karma Vikas Vishwakarma
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                • Created:
                  Updated:
                  Resolved: