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  1. Harmony
  2. HARMONY-4942

[classlib][jndi] InitialContext searches for jndi.properties every contruction time


    • Type: Bug
    • Status: Open
    • Priority: Major
    • Resolution: Unresolved
    • Affects Version/s: None
    • Fix Version/s: None
    • Component/s: Classlib
    • Labels:


      I'd like to bring attention of JNDI guys to the following issue.

      This is about InitialContext. Currently the InitialContext constructor implementation roughly speaking does the following:
      1. gets the properties passed to constructor (if any)
      2. searches the system properties for corresponding to JNDI stuff
      3. searches for jndi.properties in CLASSPATH and gets the properties from that (if any)

      (in case of InitialContext() we don't have the first step)

      This is quite cool until we face big amount of InitialContext() creations - then we see a lot of file system operations from step 3. For example during the Oracle App Server startup (with SPECjAppServer2004 onboard) - there is a lot of "new InitialContext()", every Bean creation. So we see about 27 millions of searches for "jndi.properties" in jar files from the Oracle App Server classpath (tens of jars).

      Is there anything can be done on this?..

      Well as it turned out the JDK1.6.0 DOES NOT searches for the "jndi.properties" in CLASSPATH for the second time we create InitialContext(). Once it's loaded the "jndi.properties" properties for the first time it does not bother to do it later. I suggest to do the same in harmony. Here is the output of the test demonstrating such a behaviour difference:


      cat jndi3.java
      import java.io.*;
      import javax.naming.*;

      public class jndi3 {
      public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception

      { createJndiPropertiesFile(); // create valid jndi.properties InitialContext context1 = new InitialContext(); System.out.println("context1= "+context1); System.out.println("context1.env="+context1.getEnvironment()); deleteJndiPropertiesFile(); // delete jndi.properties InitialContext context2 = new InitialContext(); System.out.println("context2= "+context2); System.out.println("context2.env="+context2.getEnvironment()); }

      public static void createJndiPropertiesFile() throws Exception

      { FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream("jndi.properties"); PrintStream ps = new PrintStream(fos); ps.println("java.naming.factory.initial=MyDefaultInitialContextFactory"); ps.close(); }

      public static void deleteJndiPropertiesFile() throws Exception

      { File f = new File("jndi.properties"); f.delete(); }



      /export/jdk1.6.0/bin/java jndi3
      context1= javax.naming.InitialContext@1034bb5
      context2= javax.naming.InitialContext@15f5897


      ~/harmony579850.clean/bin/java jndi3
      context1= javax.naming.InitialContext@108d9d1f
      context2= javax.naming.InitialContext@109242b5
      Uncaught exception in main:
      javax.naming.NoInitialContextException: Failed to create InitialContext using factory specified in hashtable {} [Root exception is java.lang.NullPointerException]
      at javax.naming.spi.NamingManager.getInitialContext(NamingManager.java:239)
      at javax.naming.InitialContext.initializeDefaultInitCtx(InitialContext.java:261)
      at javax.naming.InitialContext.getDefaultInitCtx(InitialContext.java:291)
      at javax.naming.InitialContext.getEnvironment(InitialContext.java:540)
      at jndi3.main(jndi3.java:17)
      Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException
      at java.lang.Class.forName(Unknown Source)
      at javax.naming.spi.NamingManager$1.run(NamingManager.java:772)
      at javax.naming.spi.NamingManager$1.run(NamingManager.java:1)
      at java.security.AccessController.doPrivilegedImpl(Unknown Source)
      at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Unknown Source)
      at javax.naming.spi.NamingManager.classForName(NamingManager.java:768)
      at javax.naming.spi.NamingManager.getInitialContext(NamingManager.java:227)
      at javax.naming.InitialContext.initializeDefaultInitCtx(InitialContext.java:261)
      ... 3 more

      I've created a simple proof-of-concept of my idea: what about to not to do any of steps (1, 2, 3) not just 3? So please note that THIS IS NOT THE FIX! The actual fix should avoid only step 3 and probably should do it more carefully. Here are some measurements with respect to this (see jndi3per.java in attachment):


      ~/harmony579850.clean/bin/java jndi3perf 20000
      20000 constructor calls
      1. 17442 millis
      2. 11281 millis
      3. 11598 millis
      4. 10951 millis
      5. 10906 millis


      ~/harmony579850.jndi3/bin/java jndi3perf 20000
      20000 constructor calls
      1. 466 millis
      2. 114 millis
      3. 107 millis
      4. 110 millis
      5. 107 millis

      Talking back about Oracle App Server and SPECjAppServer2004: startup times burst comparing harmony without and with the proposed patch are:
      -Xem:client - 4X
      -Xem:server - 2x

      Furthermore SPECjAppServer2004 execution period is concerned to this as well: as it turned out we have ABOUT 3000 OF LOOKUPS of "jndi.properties" in jar files PER SECOND (transaction rate is about two hundreds). I'd say handling this should not decrease our current scores on SjAS2004.


        1. MyInitialContext.java
          3 kB
          Sergey Dmitriev
        2. MyDefaultInitialContextFactory.java
          0.4 kB
          Sergey Dmitriev
        3. jndi3perf.java
          1 kB
          Sergey Dmitriev
        4. jndi3.java
          1 kB
          Sergey Dmitriev
        5. jndi3_POC.patch
          1 kB
          Sergey Dmitriev
        6. Harmony-4942.syn.fix.diff
          11 kB
          Regis Xu
        7. Harmony-4942.new.diff
          11 kB
          Regis Xu
        8. Harmony-4942.new.diff
          11 kB
          Regis Xu
        9. Harmony-4942.fix.diff
          10 kB
          Regis Xu
        10. Harmony-4942.diff
          10 kB
          Regis Xu



            • Assignee:
              tony.wu Tony Wu
              sergey.dmitriev Sergey Dmitriev
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              • Created: