Windows environments where no instance of msvcr71.dll is on the system path.
On some windows systems, the tomcat service launcher will not start - instead, reporting the following errors:
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [info] Procrun (188.8.131.52) started
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [info] Running Service...
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [info] Starting service...
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [174 javajni.c] [error] The specified module could not
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [986 prunsrv.c] [error] Failed creating java C:\Program
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [1260 prunsrv.c] [error] ServiceStart returned 1
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [info] Run service finished.
[2008-04-07 10:48:33] [info] Procrun finished.
This is due to a Sun bug which Sun refuses to fix:
So, the problem has to be worked around somewhere else. The tomcat developers feel that the issue should be fixed here, in commons-daemon.
There is a nice summary of what needs to be done here:
And plenty more information in that thread on tomcat.