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  1. CouchDB
  2. COUCHDB-620

Generating views is extremely slow - makes CouchDB hard to use with non-trivial number of docs



    • Improvement
    • Status: Closed
    • Major
    • Resolution: Invalid
    • 0.10
    • None
    • Infrastructure
    • None
    • Ubuntu 9.10 64 bit, CouchDB 0.10


      Generating views is extremely slow. For example adding 10 million documents takes less than 10 minutes but generating some simple views on the same docs takes over 4 hours.

      Using top you can see that CouchDB (erlang) and couchjs between them cannot even saturate a single CPU let alone the I/O system. Under ideal conditions performance should be limited by cpu, disk or memory. This implies that the processes are doing simple things in lockstep accumulating latencies in each process as well as the communication between them which when multiplied by the number of documents can amount to a lot.

      Some suggestions:

      • Run as many couchjs instances as there are processor cores and scatter work amongst them
      • Have some sort of pipelining in the erlang so that the moment the first byte of response is received from couchjs the data is sent for the next request (the JSON conversion, HTTP headers etc should all have been assembled already) to reduce latencies. Do whatever is most similar in couchjs (eg use separate threads to read requests, process them and write responses).
      • Use the equivalent of HTTP pipelining when talking to couchjs so that it always has a doc ready to work on rather than having to transmit an entire response and then wait for erlang to think and provide an entire new request

      A simple test of success is to have a database with a million or so documents with a trivial view and have view creation max out the CPU,. memory or disk.

      Some things in CouchDB make this a particularly nasty problem. View data is not replicated so replicating documents can lead the view data by a large margin on the recipient database. This can lead to inconsistencies. You also can't expect users to then wait minutes (or hours) for a request to complete because the view generation got that far behind. (My own plans now are to not use replication and instead create the database file on another couchdb instance and then rsync the binary database file over instead!)

      Although stale=ok is available, you still have no idea if the response will be quick or take however long view generation does. (Sure I could add some sort of timeout and complicate the code but then what value do I pick? If I have a user waiting I want an answer ASAP or I have to give them some horrible error message. Taking a long wait and then giving a timeout is even worse!)


        1. pipelining.jpg
          88 kB
          Paul Joseph Davis



            damienkatz Damien Katz
            rogerbinns Roger Binns
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